https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/issue/feed Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian 2020-10-15T21:20:44+00:00 Dr. Ns. Lilin Rosyanti edoffice@myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Health Information: Jurnal Penelitian adalah jurnal online menggunakan Open Journal System yang mempublikasikan hasil penelitian bidang kesehatan yang secara umum meliputi keilmuan keperawatan, keilmuan kebidanan, keilmuan gizi, keilmuan analis kesehatan dan penelitian kesehatan umum. Berikut profil jurnal kami pada sumber terperaya lain:<strong><a href="http://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=5579" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> Sinta Ristek/BRIN</a>, <a href="https://www.mendeley.com/profiles/health-information-jurnal-penelitian/">Mendeley Profile</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?hl=id&amp;view_op=list_works&amp;authuser=2&amp;gmla=AJsN-F6zqaCIdku6r2yYCqu1WlXFrE3NC819J2uPljkmN-hX_f4thM4p4JnszpoHG-0E_DIjpIx_3y13FxUJwPXfZXvQFU_-_QJFiX1dDIUJ4bvUGqA8e54&amp;user=qlEL95sAAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></strong></p> <p> </p> https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/223 FACTORS RELATED TO HYPERTENSION INCIDENCE IN THE WORKING AREA OF PUSKESMAS SUNGAI LANGKAI 2020-10-15T05:36:12+00:00 Ardion Ardion dionchua1@gmail.com ardion dionchua1@gmail.com <p><strong>ABSTRAK</strong></p> <p>Based on a preliminary survey conducted on August 26, 2020, 10 people with hypertension showed that 7 out of 10 people have a smoking habit. They have a habit after eating definitely smoking. On average the cigarettes, they smoke are 12 sticks per day. Four respondents had noted that they often consumed alcohol for the langkai river community. 8 people do often consume salt, because every day they live with their family, indirectly in the family cooking using salt, and patients also consume the same as other family members. Correlational research design with cross-sectional approach. The population was a visiting patient, with a sample of 40 respondents. Sampling techniques with purposive sampling. The research was conducted in the Working Area of Puskesmas Sungai Langkai in 2020. Data is collected using questionnaires. The power analysis used is univariate with frequency distribution, and bivariate analysis using the chi-square statistic test. The results of the study of 40 respondents, obtained by 30 respondents (75%) consume salt, 17 respondents (42.5%) alcohol consumption, 24 respondents (60%) smoking, and 26 respondents (65%) experienced stage I hypertension. Based on statistical tests known ha received and Ho rejected where there was a significant relationship between salt consumption (0.022), alcohol consumption (0.021), smoking habit (0.000) with hypertension incidence, with p-value Continuity Correction. This study concludes that there is a link between consuming salt, alcohol, and smoking with the incidence of hypertension. So it is expected that patients can change their daily lifestyle in order to avoid the occurrence of hypertension.</p> <p>Keywords: Salt, Alcohol, Smoking, Hypertension</p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/221 Pengaruh Buerger Allen Exercise Terhadap Sensitivitas Kaki Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe II Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tiban Baru Kota Batam Tahun 2020 2020-10-08T02:32:37+00:00 Ike Meliyana meliyanaike@gmail.com Rizki Sari Utami sariutami0784@gmail.com Siska Natalia siska.nats@gmail.com <p>Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is chronic metabolic disease that requires medical care and self-management education to prevent serious complication. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) shows that the number of people with diabetes in Indonesia is estimated at 10 million and is the 4<sup>th</sup> highest country in the word after India, China, and United States. The phenomenon found the working area of Tiban Baru Community Health Center Batam in 2019 was 150 people. This study in conducted to see the effect of Buerger Allen Exercise on foot sensitivity in patients with tipe II diabetes mellitus in Tiban Baru Health Centre Batam in 2020. The research method was Quasy Eksperimental Design with one group pre test and posttest design with control group approach. A sample of 15 respondents consisting experimental group suffering from Type II Diabetes Mellitus in the Working Area of Tiban Baru Community Health Center Batam in 2020, with sampling technique using the purposive sampling. The data were processed using the Paired T- Test. Univariate analysis of the results of the examination before being given BAE, there were 40% of respondents experiencing neuropathy (no foot sensitivity) and 60% of respondents experiencing a high risk of neuropathy in the next 4 years (moderate leg sensitivity). The results of the examination after being given BAE showed that 100% of respondents experienced changes, namely the sensitivity of the feet became good.Based on the characteristic of the respondents, it was found the highest age is &gt; 44 years (80%) and the largest gender (60%) are women. The bivariate result showed that there was an effect of BAE on foot sensitivity with the average difference before and after BAE was -4,14With P-Value of 0,000 (&lt;0,005). It is concluded that there is an affect of BAE on foot sensitivity. Therefore, people with diabetes mellitus are expected to apply BAE in order to increase the sensitivity of the feet to avoid the complication of Diabetes Mellitus.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Keywords: <em>Buerger Allen Exercise</em>, Foot Sensitivity, Diabetes Mellitus</p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/219 Diabetes Mellitus Dengan Hipertensi Meningkatkan Risiko Chronic Kidney Disease: Studi Kasus Kontrol di RS Panti Nirmala Malang 2020-10-15T21:20:44+00:00 Rea Ariyanti ariantirea@gmail.com <p><em>Chronic Kidney Disease</em> (CKD) merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat global dengan prevalensi dan insidensi gagal ginjal yang meningkat. Sekitar 1 dari 10 populasi global mengalami gagal ginjal kronis pada stadium tertentu. Terdapat beberapa faktor risiko yang diduga dapat meningkatkan kejadian CKD, salah satunya adalah Diabates Mellitus (DM). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara diabetes mellitus dengan kejadian CKD di Rumah Sakit Panti Nirmala kota Malang. Desain penelitian adalah <em>case control</em>. Sampel berjumlah 286 responden, terdiri dari 143 kelompok kasus dan 143 kelompok kontrol. Analisis data menggunakan regresi logistik. Pada kelompok CKD, persentase responden dengan DM sebesar 39,5% sedangkan pada kelompok yang tidak menderita CKD, persentase responden dengan DM sebesar 23,1%. Diketahui bahwa setelah dikontrol jenis kelamin dan usia, pada responden yang hipertensi atau memiliki riwayat hipertensi, DM memiliki peluang 15,9 kali lebih tinggi untuk terjadi CKD dibandingkan responden yang tidak DM. Direkomendasikan kepada masyarakat untuk melakukan cek kesehatan secara berkala dan mengubah gaya hidup dengan melakukan diet makanan sehat guna mengontrol kadar gula di dalam darah.</p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/218 Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Daun Kersen Berbasis Nanogel sebagai Alternatif Obat Stomatitis: Tinjauan Sistematik 2020-09-28T06:58:25+00:00 Irfa A'innurizza Wildah Irsya irfairsya18@gmail.com Linda Risalatul Muyasaroh lindarisalatul@gmail.com Shofi Ramadhani shofiramadhani99@gmail.com Ariyati Retno Pratiwi ariyatiretnop@gmail.com <p class="Keywords" style="text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB">Indonesia. The estimated point prevalence of Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) worldwide is 5% -60%. Natural products, especially plant extract as an alternative medicine, have found great attentions from 85% of the world’s population. Cherry leaves (Muntingia calabura L.) compound as anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant can inhibit the enzymes cyclooxygenase (COX), lipoxygenase so that prostaglandins do not form. We chose the topical application of gel using nanotechnology to make drug diffusion faster. This study aims to determine the compound of cherry leaves and its mechanism for soft tissue healing process. This study uses systematic literature review (SLR) method. We carried searching materials out with “Boolean search “method. The selected databases provided 1336 studies, and we selected 35 articles of PRISMA guideline statements. Based on the reviewed articles, it was found that the cherry leaf extract nano gel contained flavonoids, tannins, and saponins that could speed up wound healing in RAS by stimulating collagen formation, increasing the number of fibroblasts, improve re-epithelialization, and increase endothelial vascularization.</span></p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/215 PENGETAHUAN DAN PERILAKU MASYARAKAT INDONESIA DALAM MENGHADAPI PANDEMI COVID-19 SECARA FISIK DAN PSIKIS 2020-09-25T04:28:37+00:00 Naziha salsabila Naziha nazihasalsabila.ns@gmail.com <p>The awareness of the Indonesian people in an effort to prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) is very important to break the chain of the spread of this infectious disease, therefore the knowledge here is very much needed, to raise awareness of the Indonesian public about the very dangerous Covid-19 contagious disease. once for the world community in general and especially for ourselves, if we don't know what kind of impact it will have in the future then with knowledge we can do everything on the basis that we know and will be in accordance with the behavior that shows how someone behaves in this regard prevent the spread of Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19), because it can be said with our knowledge and behavior patterns, especially the Indonesian people, the infectious disease of the corona virus (Covid-19) will end soon. <br>Keywords: Knowledge, Behavior &amp; Covid-19</p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/214 Analisa Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Osteoporosis pada Wanita 2020-09-24T13:37:34+00:00 Rachmawaty M. Noer rachmawatymnoer1977@gmail.com <p>Osteoporosis adalah suatu penyakit yang ditandai dengan berkurangnya massa tulang dan adanya perubahan mikroarsitektur (bentuk mikro/terhalus) jaringan tulang yang mengakibatkan menurunnya kekuatan tulang dan meningkatnya kerapuhan tulang, sehingga menyebabkan tulang mudah patah. Wanita memiliki resiko osteoporosis lebih tinggi dibanding laki-laki,&nbsp;&nbsp; hal&nbsp;&nbsp; ini&nbsp;&nbsp; dikarenakan&nbsp;&nbsp; wanita&nbsp;&nbsp; mengalami&nbsp;&nbsp; proses&nbsp;&nbsp; kehamilan&nbsp;&nbsp; dan menyusui&nbsp;&nbsp; serta penurunan&nbsp;&nbsp; hormon&nbsp;&nbsp; estrogen&nbsp;&nbsp; pada&nbsp;&nbsp; saat premenopause, menopause, dan pasca menopause. Pada pria juga memiliki resiko terkena osteoporosis,&nbsp;&nbsp; penyakit osteoporosis&nbsp;&nbsp; pada&nbsp;&nbsp; pria&nbsp;&nbsp; juga&nbsp; dipengaruhi&nbsp;&nbsp; oleh hormon.&nbsp;&nbsp; Dari data di lapangan tahun 2018 terdapat 14 orang wanita dan pada tahun 2019 terdapat 23 orang&nbsp; wanita yang mengalami osteoporosis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor – faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian osteoporosis pada wanita di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam. &nbsp;Desain penelitian ini menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional dan pengambilan sampel menggunakan metode total sampling. Sampel dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari wanita yang mengalami osteoporosis di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam berjumlah 31 orang dan data dianalisa menggunakan uji chi-square. Hasil menunjukkan ada hubungan pengetahuan responden terhadap kejadian osteoporosis di RSUD&nbsp; Embung Fatimah Kota Batam, ada hubungan sikap responden terhadap kejadian osteoporosis di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota Batam, ada hubungan gaya hidup responden terhadap kejadian osteoporosis di RSUD Embung Fatimah Kota&nbsp; Batam. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh nilai koofisien determinan (Adjusted R Square) = 0,312 berarti 31,2% faktor pengetahuan, sikap dan gaya hidup dapat dijelaskan terhadap kejadian osteoporosis.</p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/212 Pengaruh Rendaman Ketan Hitam terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah di Kota Batam 2020-09-16T09:35:47+00:00 Rizki Sari Utami Muchtar Sari sariutami0784@gmail.com <p>Diabetes Mellitus yang selanjutnya disingkat DM merupakan penyakit kronik dikarakteristikan dengan adanya peningkatan kadar glukosa dalam darah yang disebabkan karena kerusakan insulin yang dapat menyebabkan menurunkan jumlah glukosa yang masuk kedalam sel. <em>Pemberian Rebusan Air Ketan Hitam </em>&nbsp;&nbsp;dapat menurunkan kebutuhan akan obat obatan kimia karena dengan sumber daya yang minimal dapat meningkatkan cakupan dan jangkauan pelayanan keperawatan tanpa batas geografis.Adapun penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Pengaruh Rendaman<em> Air Ketan Hitam</em> Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Penderita &nbsp;<em>DM Tipe 2.</em> Metode penelitian <em>Quasi eksperimen</em><em>.</em> Sampel dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari 50 Responden dan data dianalisa menggunakan uji Cochran Q. Hasil diketahui usia paling tinggi pada pasien diabetes melitus tipe 2 berada antara usia 50-59 tahun (80%). Jenis Kelamin lebih banyak diderita oleh perempuan yaitu sebanyak 35 orang (70%) dibandingkan pria. kadar gula darah penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2 sebelum pemberian rendaman air ketan hitam adalah 262.72 mg/dl, samapai dengan pada minggu ketiga terjadi perubahan yang signifikan dimana kadar gula darah memiliki rata- rata 132.02 mg/dl. Hasil uji statistik didapatkan antara kadar gula darah sampai dengan minggu ketiga memiliki nilai <em>p-Value </em>&lt; 0.05 yaitu 0,00 yang berarti menunjukan menunjukan ada Pengaruh Pemberian <em>Rebusan Air Ketan Hitam</em> Terhadap Penurunan Kadar Gula Darah Pada Klien Dengan <em>DM Tipe 2</em>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> DM Tipe 2, </em>Rebusan Air Ketan Hitam<em>, Penurunan Kadar Gula&nbsp; Darah</em></p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/210 Gambaran Hasil Penelitian Terpublikasi Tentang Pelayananan Kesehatan Terhadap Kepuasan Pasien Dan Determinannya Di Puskesmas 2020-09-16T04:16:32+00:00 Nurin Rachmadhina Alifah nurinalifah12@gmail.com <p><em>Health care is one of the fundamentals that must be provided by the government through health facilities. In the 2017 survey on public satisfaction conducted by the Ministry of Health, patient satisfaction was categorized at level B which is good, the assessment increased in the 2019 survey to 90%. The public's need for health has not been met in accordance with expectations. There are still many people who complain and feel dissatisfied with the health services provided by puskesmas This research aims to know the picture of the results of published research about health services to patient satisfaction and determinants in health centers. This research is a descriptive study. The results showed an average analysis of the proportion of patient satisfaction from 60 articles at 67.96% with a range from 26.1% to 98.92%. The results of health care research in accordance with the standards that have been set by equipping health facilities, providing services in accordance with the capabilities of officers, proper and fast service, always principled on fair ethics and always giving sincere attention and other factors such as the environment.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Patient satisfaction, Service quality, Dimensions</em></p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/211 covid19 DIFFERENCES BETWEEN COVID-19 DIAGNOSTIC TEST; ANTIGEN, ANTIBODY, RT-PCR AND RAPID MOLECULAR TEST 2020-10-06T06:25:34+00:00 Budi Yanti yantipulmonologis@gmail.com <p><em>Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new type of disease that has been identified in humans. The virus that causes COVID-19 is called SARS-CoV-2. The mortality rate caused by SARS-COV-2 (3.8%) is lower than the mortality rate caused by previous coronavirus infections, namely SARS-COV (10%) and MERS-COV (37.1%). However, the transmission rate of SARS-COV-2 is much higher, which is 10 times more infectious. This can be done as an explanation for the causes of sudden outbreaks of the virus. SARS-COV-2 infection occurs through droplets, contact with bodily fluids of infected patients, also from contaminated objects. COVID-19 can cause various of simptoms. This infection can cause mild to severe acute respiratory syndrome until Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) sepsis and septic shock. In making a diagnosis, it is necessary to have an examination that has a high level of sensitivity and specificity. Some supporting examinations are radiological examinations, and laboratorium examinations. In this reference will be discussed regarding the general examination carried out at this time, namely rapid antigen test, rapid antibody test, ELISA, RT-PCR and TCM. Each diagnostic test has advantages and disadvantages. But the diagnostic gold standard for COVID-19 is RT-PCR.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: diagnostic test, rapid test, antigen test, RT-PCR, Rapid Molecular Test</em></p> Copyright (c) https://myjurnal.poltekkes-kdi.ac.id/index.php/HIJP/article/view/207 The acterial Contamination in Traditional Food PemBpek produced by Home Industry And Factory which are sold in Samarinda city 2020-10-07T05:45:21+00:00 Joko Sapto Pramono jokosp2005@yahoo.com <p><em>Pempek is one of the traditional foods originating from Palembang that has developed throughout Indonesia, this food is also favored by the people of Samarinda city so that many household processed products and branded manufacturers </em><em>sale&nbsp; </em><em>in this city. The risk of contamination due to exposure to pathogenic bacteria can occur anywhere from the selection of materials, production processes, packaging, distribution and sales. This study aims to determine the bacterial contamination of pempek which is sold in the market in Samarinda city. </em><em>This study&nbsp; is descriptive with cross sectional research design, The sample is taken randomly as many as 20 samples from home industry production and factory production. </em><em>The results obtained from Total Plate Count&nbsp; (TPC) after being diluted by Plate Count Agar (PCA) media showed as many as 18 samples (90%)&nbsp; </em><em>did not meet the requirements</em><em> of </em><em>&nbsp;standard according to the SNI</em><em>.</em> <em>7</em><em>661</em><em>.1:</em><em>2013. It is recommended that people be more careful in consuming pempek and cook it thoroughly before consumption.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: Contamination, bacteria, pempek</em></strong></p> Copyright (c)